Future of agriculture conflict between Nevedi and WUR

19 December 20236 min reading

In the heart of the Netherlands, a clash of agricultural titans unfolds as Wageningen University & Research (WUR) and the Dutch Feed Industry Association, Nevedi, grapple over a groundbreaking proposal to reunite livestock and feed production. As WUR champions a visionary path toward sustainable agriculture, Nevedi raises crucial questions about practicality, intertwining economic stability with urgent environmental transformation, setting the stage for a riveting battle that could redefine the future of Dutch agriculture and resonate first in Europe and then globally.

In the ever-evolving landscape of agriculture, clashes of perspectives often take center stage. This article discusses a struggle taking place in the Netherlands, where the championing of sustainable agriculture discourse is steadfast.

In a clash of agricultural ideologies gripping the Netherlands, Wageningen University & Research (WUR) and the Dutch Feed Industry Association, Nevedi, are at loggerheads over a groundbreaking proposal to recouple livestock and feed production within the country. WUR’s recently published study suggests that tethering these two elements could be the key to achieving national climate goals, reducing ammonia emissions by almost half, and curbing greenhouse gas emissions by over a quarter. However, Nevedi, while acknowledging the scientific intrigue of WUR’s publication, raises critical questions about its practicality, emphasizing the disconnected reality between the proposed solution and the broader agricultural landscape.

WUR’s study, published in Science of the Total Environment, explores the consequences of recoupling livestock and feed production in the Netherlands. The researchers argue that the current global food system’s decoupling of livestock and feed production disrupts nutrient cycles, leading to environmental degradation. Recoupling at a local level, they contend, could create a natural ceiling for livestock numbers based on regional feed production capacity. In response, Nevedi challenges the feasibility of this approach, underscoring the international context of the Dutch agro sector and the potential adverse effects on global climate initiatives. The clash intensifies as WUR defends its research, asserting that their findings present a promising path towards enhanced circularity and reduced environmental impact. As these two agricultural powerhouses continue their debate, the future trajectory of Dutch agriculture hangs in the balance, caught between sustainable practices and economic stability.


The Netherlands, a nation committed to environmentally conscious practices, has witnessed a growing tension between two influential players: Nevedi, the Dutch Feed Industry Association, and Wageningen University & Research (WUR), a renowned academic institution. Both have significant stakes in the Dutch agricultural sector and its transition towards more sustainable practices. Nevedi, representing the feed industry, is focused on ensuring the stability and growth of the livestock sector, which plays a crucial role in the country’s economy. On the other hand, WUR has been at the forefront of research advocating for sustainable and environmentally friendly agricultural practices.


The clash of agendas is a reflection of the broader debate on the direction of agriculture. Nevedi emphasizes economic stability, productivity, and the continued growth of the Dutch livestock sector. These are concerns shared by many farmers and industry players who rely on the sector for their livelihoods. Sustainability is viewed as a long-term goal that should not jeopardize the current state of the industry. Practicality and economic viability are key.

WUR, with a focus on sustainability and environmental consciousness, advocates for practices that reduce the environmental impact of agriculture, including lowering greenhouse gas emissions and minimizing the use of chemical inputs. Sustainability is seen as an imperative in an age when the global community faces pressing environmental challenges. The long-term benefits of sustainable agriculture are emphasized.

It’s essential to note that Nevedi and WUR are not mortal enemies; they have, at times, cooperated on various projects and share a commitment to the agricultural sector’s well-being. However, the fundamental disagreement lies in the degree and pace of transition towards sustainability. Nevedi’s priority is the sector’s stability, while WUR insists on a more urgent transformation.

This clash of perspectives is not unique to the Netherlands. Across Europe, similar battles between traditional farmer-oriented perspectives, emphasizing productivity and growth, and sustainability advocates are ongoing. One example is the conflict between Copa-Cogeca, a major European farming organization, and the European Commission over environmental policies and sustainability standards.

The Nevedi vs. WUR conflict underscores the challenges faced by modern agriculture in reconciling economic interests with sustainability goals. It serves as a microcosm of a broader global debate, where the industry’s imperative to grow and compete is weighed against the urgent need for environmentally responsible practices. As these clashes continue, they shape the future of agriculture in Europe and beyond.


The whole article was born from the below statement published on Nevedi’s website, responding to a recent publication by Wageningen UR. The title of WUR’s scientific document, ‘Recoupling livestock and feed production in the Netherlands to reduce environmental impacts,’ suggests a potential solution to the climate problem. According to WUR, the national climate goals for 2030 can be nearly achieved by coupling livestock and feed production in the Netherlands. This would reduce ammonia emissions by almost half and greenhouse gas emissions by over a quarter. However, Nevedi has raised critical concerns, stating that while scientifically interesting, WUR’s proposal is far from reality.


Nevedi acknowledges the WUR publication but raises several points of contention. They argue that the concept of coupling livestock and feed production in the Netherlands overlooks the reality that the Dutch agro-sector primarily markets its products in the triangle of London, Paris, and Berlin. Export to third countries is also essential for the circular use of all animal products. Nevedi emphasizes that climate change is a global issue, and measures at the national or European level could have adverse effects on the global climate. The recent history has shown that maintaining a robust agro-chain is strategically vital, especially considering crises and geopolitical tensions that can impact European food security.

The international context of the agro-chain, not just for export but also for dealing with rising domestic costs, is highlighted by Nevedi. They express concerns that increasing domestic costs could lead to a shift from importing raw materials to importing animal products, putting the Dutch agro-chain at a disadvantage. Nevedi suggests that more research is needed to assess the systemic consequences of coupling livestock and feed production, considering its impact on the entire agro-food chain, the economy, the Dutch trade balance, and global climate.


The debate between Nevedi and WUR is not a simple clash of ideals; it’s a reflection of the complex and multifaceted nature of agriculture in the modern world. It emphasizes the urgency of finding a middle ground that addresses economic concerns while also safeguarding the environment for future generations. The conflicting priorities within Dutch agriculture ought to be seen as the echo of a global concern that surpasses the boundaries of a single European country.

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