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Europe faces agricultural challenges as cereal production takes a hit

19 December 20232 min reading

European cereal production faces a formidable 9% decline, equivalent to 26.7 million tons, driven by widespread drought, with France leading the impact. France, leading cereal production in the EU, faces a 10% drop in output, contributing to the overall 9% decrease in the bloc’s cereals harvest in 2022.

In a recent revelation by the European Statistics Office (Eurostat), the European Union grapples with a substantial 9% drop in cereal production, marking a stark decline of 26.7 million tons compared to the previous year. The primary culprit behind this setback is widespread drought wreaking havoc across key agricultural regions.

France emerges as a central figure in this narrative, contributing a significant 22% to the EU’s total production with a harvest of 59.9 million tons. Germany, Poland, Spain, and Romania follow suit, each weathering their unique challenges in the face of adverse climate conditions.

The heart of the issue lies in the staggering 27% reduction in grain maize and corn-cob-mix production, plummeting to 53 million tons in 2022. Common wheat and spelt also experience a 2% decrease, reflecting the far-reaching effects of the EU’s battle against drought-induced heat stress.

While some countries manage to defy the odds, such as Germany with a 3% increase, the overall outlook paints a challenging landscape for the EU’s agricultural sector. Crop production’s sensitivity to weather conditions becomes all too apparent as the region grapples with the aftermath of extreme temperatures during the summer of 2022.

AGRICULTURE OUTPUT: 19% VALUE RISE FUELLED BY PRICE SURGE

Eurostat’s economic accounts for agriculture in 2022 unveil a remarkable upswing in the EU’s agricultural output, soaring to a historic €537.5 billion—a notable 19% surge compared to 2021. This boost is primarily attributed to a substantial increase in the nominal price for agricultural goods and services (+22.8%), despite a slight dip in output volume (-3.1%).

France, Germany, Italy, and Spain emerge as pivotal contributors, collectively accounting for three-quarters of the EU’s agricultural value. The report highlights a positive trajectory, showcasing heightened output in crops (+15%) and animal-related products (+26%), indicative of the resilience and adaptability of the EU’s agricultural sector.

Furthermore, the comprehensive data reveals a universal increase in the value of agricultural output across all EU countries in 2022, signaling a collective positive trend in the region’s agricultural economic landscape.

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